Performance Evaluation for Local User Terminals Dedicated for Search and Rescue Services from LEO Satellites

Cakaj, Shkelzen (2019) Performance Evaluation for Local User Terminals Dedicated for Search and Rescue Services from LEO Satellites. In: B P International, pp. 88-98. ISBN 978-93-89562-01-9

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Aims: NOAA’s (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) - LEO environmental satellites provide
continuous coverage of Earth, supplying high-resolution global meteorological, oceanic and space observation
data. These satellites are part of the international Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking (SARSAT)
system. SARSAT is designed to provide distress alert and location data in order to assist on search and rescue
operation. SARSAT system detects and locates distress beacons (406MHz) activated at distress location. System
calculates the distress event location using Doppler processing techniques. Each satellite pass transmits
information about distress location. Passes with too short communication duration, are considered as missed
passes. Communication duration analysis, among SARSAT satellites and local user terminal (LUT) dedicated
for search and rescue services are provided. LUT implementation process and the mask record are also given.
Study Design: Simulation.
Place and Duration of Study: NOAA Satellite Operations Facility, Suitland, MD, USA, October, 28 -
December 24, 2009.
Methodology: Communication analysis, are based on the hypothetical terminal assumed to be implemented in
Kosovo (LUTKOS). Four hypothetical beacons indicating random distress locations are considered. Satellite
orbital altitude of 860 km, orbital time of 102 minutes and inclination of 98.7º. Communication duration is
considered for period 1-30, October 2009. 57560 satellite passes were considered to conclude about missed
Results: For Doppler processing at least four events are required. Duration of 250s is considered as the lower
margin, providing at least four Doppler events. The highest events density was in between 300s to 700s,
sufficient for distress location determination. Only 3% of total considered passes were below 250s. The ratio of
missed passes over total passes for the whole ground segment results as 0.17%, or in average 0.021% per month.
Conclusion: Through LUTKOS simulation, it is confirmed communication reliability and proper functionality
of LUTKOS with a single SARSAT satellite.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Eprint Open STM Press > Computer Science
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2023 04:22
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2023 04:22

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