Discovery of Threshold Visibility Limit (TVL) Using the Number of Photons Intruding into the Human Eye and Possible Application to Outdoor Lighting

Thurairajah, Uthayan (2023) Discovery of Threshold Visibility Limit (TVL) Using the Number of Photons Intruding into the Human Eye and Possible Application to Outdoor Lighting. In: Fundamental Research and Application of Physical Science Vol. 7. B P International, pp. 82-102. ISBN 978-81-19315-66-6

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This chapter addresses the threshold visibility limit (TVL) using the number of photons intruding into the Human Eye. Understanding the human visual system's nighttime performance is essential for designing safe lighting for vehicular and pedestrian traffic in nocturnal outdoor built environments. Although assessing visibility is a complex process, the current knowledge of how the eye receives and processes light and how well it can distinguish objects at various lighting levels and distances is important. The current approach for calculating outdoor lighting level requirements is complicated and limited to illuminance and luminance measurements and does not allow designers to evaluate the threshold visibility. This paper aims to develop an outdoor lighting visibility calculation using the photons per second calculation method. This novel calculation method is applied to the candlelight's visibility distance and the milky way's Vega star visibility to validate the calculation approach. The luminance calculation has many shortcomings and assumptions, including the fixed observer position and viewing angle, and the results do not correlate with reality. It is complex and difficult to assess or reach a consensus since millions of colors and luminances contrast anyone can witness in the environment. The quantitative assessment uses mathematical calculations to find the TVL and visibility distance of candlelight and vega star visibility from the Earth's surface. The comparative assessment method verifies and confirms the candlelight visibility distance. This is the first paper to find the TVL so that any future lighting application TVL can be evaluated, and the required visibility level determined for a particular vehicular and pedestrian traffic safety in nighttime outdoor environments. This paper will help researchers, scientists, engineers, consultants, architects, lighting designers, and government agencies seeking to improve outdoor lighting for safety, health, well-being, and quality of life in the built environment.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Eprint Open STM Press > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2023 12:57
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2023 12:57

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